Toyota
Ford Kuga
 Service Manual
Body Repairs - General Information » Straightening
Special features of non-monocoque bodywork

Straightening is different to monocoque body construction because of separate straightening for bodywork and chassis.

If only the body is damaged in an accident, light straightening repairs can be carried out while still mounted on the chassis.

NOTE: With strong straightening forces, these bolted connections may be damaged (bodywork to chassis frame). Monitor the bolted connections continuously during the straightening work. Holding clamps or alignment angles must be attached directly to the chassis frame.

Straightening of chassis frames

NOTE: High-strength steels must not be heated.

If the body and chassis frame have to be straightened, they must first be separated from each other.

The following conditions must be met:

  • The repair must be economically justified.
  • The production quality and stability of a frame must be achieved again after carrying out the repair
  • In principle, the driving and operating safety of the vehicle is paramount.
  • Cold straightening of deformed areas with sharp edged folds cannot be carried out.
  • Straightening with the application of heat (welding torch) requires much experience and accurate knowledge of the behavior of steel panels when heated.
  • The temperature and duration of application of the heat are to be considered in particular.
  • Individual components of the frame, such as cross members, brackets, etc. can be replaced.
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    Special features of non-monocoque bodywork

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