Toyota
Ford Kuga
 Service Manual
Body Repairs - General Information » Wind Noise
General information

In order to carry out targeted diagnosis, it is important to know the basics of noise formation and sound transmission.

Potential areas of wind noises

Potential areas of wind noises

Item Description
1 Wiper arms
2 Windscreen seal
3 Antenna/antenna base
4 Sun roof/roof rail
5 Tailgate
6 Door handles
7 Exterior Rear View Mirror
8 Door seals
9 Headlamps
10 Radiator grille

Noises are categorized according to their type and formation as follows:

"Normal" air flow noises:

Normal airflow noises are caused by air blowing against even, flat vehicle surfaces, such as the roof, doors and side windows. When the vehicle is moving fast, air layers (turbulence) form, which cause variations in air pressure. These variations in air pressure spread in the form of sound waves and are transferred to the vehicle interior via the side windows and seals.

Noises caused by deviations in air flow and circulation around separate components:

If air flows over an edge on a vehicle, the air flow cannot follow the shape of the surface, but separates at the edge. Eddies are formed, which collapse again after a certain time or distance. The associated fluctuations in air pressure create a corresponding sound wave which is noticeable by for instance a rushing noise at the A-pillar or the outside mirror.

Turbulence and the associated radiation of noise can also occur at the vehicle underbody. Air circulation around small components and also flow through small gaps (e.g. the radiator grille) cause the rushing noise to change to a whistling, which rises and becomes louder as the vehicle speed increases.

Noises caused by vibrating seals:

Seals which do not make firm contact at the door or window area can be made to vibrate by pressure variations outside the vehicle, which in turn mean noise radiating into the interior of the vehicle.

Noises caused by air flowing out:

Noises caused by air flowing out are created by leaks at the vehicle interior sealing system, when stationary air mixes with flowing air. As a result, the noise increases as the speed of the air flowing out increases. Example: Letting air out of a tire.

Cavity noises:

Cavity noises are those created when the air volumes found in bodywork cavities are caused to vibrate by an opening located in the airflow. The frequency of the tone does not vary with the vehicle speed but depends on the volume of the cavity and the size of the opening. Example: Blowing across the top of a bottle.

Wind noises overview:

    More about «Wind Noise»:

    General information

    Workshop diagnosis

    Test method

    Diagnosis

    Possible concerns with corrective measures

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