Ford Kuga
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Paint - General Information » Factory Paint Application
Painting process and corrosion protection

In production, painting consists of individual steps which are optimally matched to each other.

Bodywork consists almost entirely of steel panels which have been pre-coated with zinc. The zinc layer is between 5-10 |jm thick and acts as the first corrosion protection layer of the steel panel.

Production sequence:

Clean and de-grease

  • In the first step, the bare bodywork is initially dipped in a cleaning bath and cleaned with a degreasing solution.


  • The cleaned bodywork is dipped in a bath containing various phosphate salt solutions.

    This creates a crystalline metal-phosphate layer which offers the optimal prepared surface and also corrosion protection.

CDP base

  • The cataphoretic dip paint (CDP) base acts as a further corrosion protection layer.
  • In this process the bodywork is completely immersed in a bath consisting of a paint and electrolyte solution.
  • By application of an electric voltage, an electric field is created.
  • Positively charged paint particles settle on the negatively charged bodywork and form a protective layer up to 20 |jm thick.
  • Next the bodywork is placed in a dryer, where the CDP base is hardened at 180C.

Sealing, stone-chip protection

  • Edges, seams and but joints are sealer with a sealing compound.
  • Vulnerable areas are coated with stone-chip protection.


  • Filler protects the body panels from stone impacts. Furthermore, any unevenness of the metal surface is flattened out, in order to create the most homogenous and fault-free undersurface possible.
  • Once the filler is dry, it serves as the base on which paint is applied.

Top coat

  • The top coat is applied as a single layer or two layers of paint.
  • When working with two layer paint, in the first job step the initial colored base paint is applied. In the second job step, a clear lacquer is applied, giving the base paint shine and hardness.

    More about «Factory Paint Application»:

    General fundamentals of paint technology

    Painting process and corrosion protection

    The structure of an original paint finish

    Colored fillers applied in production

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